List of aquatic plants, water plants, ocean plants with images to improve your knowledge in the field of the oceans.
Aquatic plants are plants that have to adjust to living in aquatic environments i.e. Saltwater or freshwater. Water plants are also referred to as plants growing in or near water to distinguish them from algae and others. In lakes and rivers, plants extend to provide cover for fish, a substrate for aquatic invertebrates, produce O2 (oxygen), and act as food for some fish, wildlife animals, and plants.
Nelumbo Nucifera is existing for a long water plant, growing from a tuberous rootstock bent in the mud at the bottom of lakes and ponds. This plant produces big leaves that float on the surface of the water. The Sacred Lotus of India has a long-lasting history of use as a food crop and medicine in tropical and subtropical Asia, where it is also seen as a sign of purity and beauty. The plant is often civilized for food and medicine and is often sold in markets.
It is a principal taxonomic category that ranks above species and below the family of aquatic plants in the arum family, Araceae. The single-family it comprises, Pistia stratiotes, is often called water lettuce or shellflower. Water cabbage native distribution is uncertain but probably pantropical. It was first found from the Nile near Lake Victoria in Africa. It is now present, either naturally or through the human introduction, in nearly all tropical and subtropical fresh waterways and considered an invasive species as well as a mosquito breeding habitat
It is also known as the European white water lily, white water rose is an aquatic flowering plant of the family Nymphaea. It is native to North Africa, temperate Asia, Europe and India
It’s grown in water that is 30–150 cm deep and likes large ponds and lakes. The leaves can be up to 30 cm in diameter and take up a spread of 150 cm for each plant. Its flowers are white and they have many small stamens inside.
4. Nuphar Lutea
Nuphar lutea are yellow water-lily or brandy-bottle, is a water plants of the family Nymphaeaceae, local to temperate regions of Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia.
The flower of Nuphar lutea is solitary, terminal, hold on above the water surface, it is also hermaphrodite, 2–4 cm in diameter, with five or six big bright yellow sepals and numerous small yellow petals largely concealed by the sepals. The flower grows from June to September and pollination is entomophilous by flies attracted to the alcoholic scent.
5. Euryale Ferox
Its common names prickly waterlily is the only extant species in the genus Euryale. It is a flower growing plant classified in the water lily family, Nymphaeaceae, although it is sometimes regarded as a distinct family, Euryalaceae. Pollen grains of Euryale Ferox has three nuclei.
It enlarges or grows in water, producing bright purples water flowers. The leaves are big and round, more than 3 feet across, with a leaf stalk, connect in the center of the lower surface. The lower side of the leaf is purplish, while the upper surface is green.
Gymnocoronis spilanthoides is one of the relatively few members of the very large family Asteraceae to be kept as an aquarium plant. It is domestic to the southern half of South America, it has since become confirmed in warm regions elsewhere in the world, often to the detriment of endemic water plants. In the aquarium trade, it has long been cultivated and is regularly sold, even in shops not specializing in aquatic plants.
7. Nymphaea Caerulea
Nymphaea caerulea is also known as blue lotus (or blue Egyptian lotus), also blue water lily and sacred blue lily, which is a water plant lily in the genus Nymphaea. It grows more widely in ancient times, also in the Indian subcontinent and Thailand. Like other species in sea plant the genus, the plant contains the psychoactive alkaloid aporphine. It was known to the Ancient Egyptian civilization.
Victoria amazonica is a species of flowering plant, the huge of the Nymphaeaceae family of water lilies. It is also the National flower of Guyana.
This water plant has very large leaves, up to 3 m in diameter, that float on the water’s surface on an overflow stalk 7–8 m in length. The family of this aquatic plant was once called Victoria Regia after Queen Victoria, but the name was superseded after some time.
Azolla filiculoides is a species of Azolla, a described place or associated with a place to warm temperate and tropical regions of the Americas as well as the majority of the old world including Asia and Australia.
The species has been introduced in many regions of the Old World, grown for its nitrogen-fixing capability that may be used to enhance the growth rate of crops grown in water, such as rice food plants, or by eliminating from lakes for use as green manure.
10. Nymphaea Odorata
Nymphaea is also called as the American white waterlily, fragrant water-lily a large partly water plant that broad-tailed rodent native to North America and northern Eurasia root, fragrant white water lily, white water lily, sweet-scented white water lily, and sweet-scented water lily it is a water plant belonging to the family of plant genus Nymphaea. It can usually found in shallow lakes, ponds, and permanently laid water is stagnant throughout North America where it ranges between Central America to northern Canada. They are made in the direction of the same as with prominent yellow stamens and many white petals. The flowers open and close each day and night respectively and are very fragrant also.
Nymphaea Nouchali is also known by its synonym Nymphaea stellata, or also known as blue lotus, star lotus, red and blue water lily, blue star water lily or manel flower is a water plant lily of genus Nymphaea. It is local aquatic plant to the southern and eastern parts of Asia and is the national flower of Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. In Sanscrit, it is also called as utpala. This species is sometimes considered to involve the blue Egyptian lotus Nymphaea caerulea.
The floating leaves have flow edges that give them with battlements appearance. Their size is about 20–23 cm and their spread are also about 0.9 to 1.8 m.
Nuphar japonica is also known as East Asian yellow water-lily it is an aquatic plant species in the genus Nuphar found in Japan and the Korean Peninsula. It is also endangered in Russia. This species was not accepted by The Plant List as of November 2013.
Ceratophyllum Submersum is known as the soft hornwort or tropical hornwort it is a species of Ceratophyllum. It is an immersed, free-floating water plant. It has been pass on from Europe, Central Asia, northern Africa, scattered places in tropical Africa, Turkey, Oman, Florida, and the Dominican Republic. It is similar to the submerged macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum, a congeneric plant that is found in most regions of the world
The temperature tolerance is to be between 4°C to 30°C, the temperature is noted to be 15°C to 30°C. The height of the plant is often in between 15-30 cm or 30-45 cm.
Nymphaea Micrantha is a water lily belonging to the genus Nymphaea. It is native to the tropics of West Africa. The leaves are oval or round between 8-12 cm long, with a cluster of bulbils on the top side of the leaf stalk. Flowers can be reach up to 10 cm in diameter, and appear from September to October. The plant usually grows at a height of 20–80 cm. It cannot be grown more than reaching above the surface of the water.
Nymphaea thermarum is the world’s smallest water plant lily. The size of pads can be only 1 cm across which is less than 10% of the width to the next smallest species in the family of genus Nymphaea. Mostly of wild plants were lost due to the damage of its local habitat, but it was reserve from the process of being when it was grown from seed at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in 2009.
Its shape rosettes 20 to 30 cm wide which has bright green lily pads growing fastly on short petioles. Small flowers are white with yellow stamens, with the flowers held confirm with generally accepted a few cms above the plant.
It is a species of Nuphar native in every part of the eastern United States and in some parts of Canada, such as Nova Scotia. It is similar to the Eurasian species lutea, and is treated as a subspecies of it by some botanists, though differing significantly in genetics
It is locally naturalized in Britain. Spatterdock was long and sometimes used as a part of traditional medicine, with the root applied to the skin or both the root and seeds eaten for a variety of conditions or as per the requirement of medicines.
It is a large freshwater alga. It is also known by the common name as starry stonewort. This alga grows to a length of size over 1.5 m it is bright allowing light green and has branches growing in a pattern of spirals from the main axis the plants easily break up. It is easily differentiated from other charophytes by star-shaped bulbils which permit vegetative reproduction
It has long, fairly straight branches arranged in the pattern of spirals, attached at nodes to the stem at an acute angle. Both stem and branches size are about 1 mm in diameter, and the extending between two nodes lengths of stem consist of a single cell which may be several centimeters long. Stems may be up to 80 cm or even longer and form dense masses. When in active growth, the color is light green.
It is a flowering aquatic or water plant in the family Nymphaeaceae native to northwestern Australia. Originally distributed in its own genus as Ondinea purpurea, It grows from a corm-like rhizome. It is found in ephemeral pools and rivers that are dry for an important to be worthy of attention portion of the year. The rhizome continues to live in the dry season in drying mud.
It is a small plant that grows in place of shallow creeks of the Kimberley Region of Western Australia. It grows from a rhizome that is about 2.5 cm long in size and has leaves that are approximately 25 cm long, mostly underwater but with the occasional small floating leaf.
19. Nymphaea Rubra
It is a mind aesthetically floating water plant native to India. It is over a large range cultivated in other countries. Flowers are extremely red or rose-colored. Sepals are usually 4 and petals are many as compared to sepals. The shape of leaves is round, sharply toothed, downy on the underside. The lobes of the leaves diverge away from each other as we can also see in images. Stigma has 10-20 rays. It is found nearly in every part of India.
It is a species of water plant that is native to the Southern United States and Mexico as far south as Michoacán. It has many Common names some of them are yellow waterlily, Mexican waterlily, and banana waterlily. The plant is pleasing and has been introduced to new habitats for ornamental purposes and some others also.
It looks like thick rhizomes and long, spongy creeping stolons that bear bunches of small yellow roots that is the same as miniature bananas. The plant can grow from developing out of a plant embryo from seed or send out new shoots from its stolons. The large, flat leaves are green with purple or brown patterning in color. It floats on the surface of the water. The floating lotus flowers have yellow petals and pointed, star-like, greenish-yellow sepals. It closes at night usually.
List of aquatic plants, water plants, ocean plants are :-
- Nelumbo Nucifera
- Water Cabbage
- Nymphaea Alba
- Nuphar lutea
- Euryale Ferox
- Gymnocoronis Spilanthoides
- Nymphaea Caerulea
- Victoria Amazonica
- Azolla Filiculoides
- Nymphaea Odorata
- Nymphaea Nouchali
- Nuphar Japonica
- Ceratophyllum Submersum
- Nymphaea Micrantha
- Nymphaea Thermarum